Passive voice – introduction using money

Summary

Illustrate the meaning of the passive voice by showing students different kinds of money and asking “Where is this used? It is used in (country name).”

Textbooks

  • New Crown Grade 2 - Lesson 8

Materials Needed

Explanation

This is one way of introducing your students to the passive voice, and illustrating it’s meaning.

1. Using a series of picture cards of different kinds of money from around the world, show the students a picture of one form of money, and ask the students “Where is this used?” If they don’t get the basic gist of what you are asking, you may ask “what country is this from” and then revert to “where is this used” later. Let the students guess which country the money is from, and when one of them gets it right, announce “It is used in (country)” and repeat the sentence a second time.

2. After repeating this process with a number of different currencies, ask the students what sentence you kept repeating. Write “It is used in Japan” (or whatever country you choose) on the black board, and ask the students to try to guess the meaning. Guide the students to the proper translation in Japanese (ask your JTE to help if necessary).

3. Point out that there’s something strange about the sentence, and ask them what’s odd about it. Things to make them notice:

- There are two verbs ( a “to be” verb, and another verb). This is not normal

- The sentence has “used” in it, but it’s not past tense. ~ed does not indicate the past tense here.

- There isn’t really a subject, or rather, the object has become the subject.

4. Inform them this is the ukemi(受け身) or passive voice. It is formed by using a “be” verb + the past participle (kakobunshi 過去分詞). The past participle looks like the past tense, and it is often the same, but occasionally it is different (e.g. saw vs seen)

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